Posted on July 06, 2010 10:59 PM
Travel and the built environment
Localities and states have increasingly turned to land planning and urban design for help in reducing automobile use and related social and environmental costs. However, the effects of such strategies on travel demand have not been generalized in recent years from the multitude of available studies. The authors of the article “: a meta-analysis,” published in the June issue of the Journal of the American Planning Association reviews and generalizes literature on the built environment and its affect on Transportation options and travel behavior. Consistent with prior studies, the authors find that vehicle miles traveled (VMT) is most strongly related to measures of accessibility to destinations and secondarily to street network design variables. According to the article, “walking is most strongly related to measures of land use diversity, intersection density, and the number of destinations within walking distance.”
The full article is available for free online.