In 2050, innovations in transportation technology -- including smart infrastructure and automated and electrified personal cars, trucks, and transit vehicles -- make travel and goods movement faster and more convenient. In this future, connected vehicle technologies would enable parts of the transportation system, like streets, traffic signals, road signs, and vehicles to send and receive information to each other to provide greater safety, comfort, entertainment, and convenience.
In addition, all vehicles would have some level of automation in 2050. Due to labor shortages and tight margins in the shipping industry, the first types of vehicles to be fully automated would be large trucks traveling long-distance routes. Automated shuttles could also provide last mile connections between fixed route transit and people's final destinations, particularly in lower-density areas where frequent fixed-route public transit is not economically viable. As 2050 approaches, technological advances and economies of scale in remote sensing technology could make fully automated cars affordable and widely available for individual purchase.