The list of treatments provided here is not meant to be exhaustive. Similarly, the information provided on each of the individual treatments is not intended to be final and definitive.
Types and Treatments Gallery
There are many types of bicycle facilities. The land use context, motor vehicle speed, and traffic volumes should be considered when selecting appropriate treatments. As a general rule, separation between vehicles and bicycles should increase as vehicle speed and volume increase, though on-street bicycle facilities can themselves function as a traffic calming measure. ROW constraints may limit bicycle facility selection, especially in retrofit projects, and may require tradeoffs in more constricted areas. An excellent source for more information on bicycle facility types is NACTO's Urban Bikeway Design Guide, which is available to download for free at http://nacto.org/cities-for-cycling/design-guide/. In addition, AASHTO's detailed Guide for the Development of Bicycle Facilities, 4th Edition (2012) can be purchased at https://bookstore.transportation.org/item_details.aspx?ID=1943.
Basic Bike Facilities
Marked Shared Lanes
Wide Curb Lanes
Buffered Bike Lanes
Shared Use Paths
Special-Purpose Bike Lanes
Floating Bike Lanes
Advisory Bike Lanes
Contraflow Bike Lanes
Left-side bike lanes
Colored pavement bike lanes
Double bike lanes
Through-Intersection Bike Lane Markings
Combined Bike Lane/Turn Lanes
Comprehensive Roadway Treatments
Bike Boulevards and Neighborhood Greenways
Basic Transit Facilities
Transit systems make use of streets and public rights-of-way both to operate vehicles (buses, trolleys, streetcars, trains, etc.) and to provide access for transit users to and from these vehicles. While this toolkit cannot cover all aspects and elements of transit design, operations, and accessibility, we will offer some basic information on several important facilities or service types that can enhance the function and experience of transit on different types of corridors.
More information on the connection between roadway planning and design and transit can be found in Pace Suburban Bus Transit Supportive Guidelines .
Dedicated Bus Lanes
Protected Bus Lanes
Bus Rapid Transit (BRT)
High-Occupancy Vehicle (HOV) Lanes
Sidewalks and crosswalks are the most basic of pedestrian facilities. Selection of pedestrian facilities should be based on the surrounding land use context and traffic conditions. Please see the "Select Treatments" section of this toolkit for more detailed discussion of crossing treatments.
Sidewalk Zone System
For most treatments, numerous, detailed studies on their application, effectiveness, designs, and implementation exist. Practitioners should consult such materials when developing project scopes and designs. We provide links to some of the most important resources—and, when applicable, to regulatory authority—for the individual treatments.
Major additional resources for design standards and guidance, related to safety, accessibility, and mobility for non-motorized and multimodal travel, can be found in the additional resources section.
Click below for a visual matrix of Select Treatments. A complete PDF version of this section can be found here.
Intersection and crossing locations
Traffic Calming and Speed Management
The following section presents design treatments focused on traffic calming or speed management. While treatments vary in terms of the context in which they are most effective and the specific conditions or behaviors that they are intended to address, they all have the overarching goal of controlling or limiting motor vehicle speed and the points of conflict between vehicles and other road users.